Who did utter Tisarana first? Where, When and Why?

There is no need to say that we all are very familiar with the “Saranattaya”.

‘‘Buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi,
Dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi,
Saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmī’’

Nevertheless, have we ever thought who uttered this first?

Now, you might be thinking about five-ascetics?

No!

Let’s see what the Aṭṭhakathā says about it.

Kattha bhāsitaṃ?
Where was it spoken?

Bārāṇasiyaṃ isipatane migadāye.
At migadāya of Isipatana in Bārāṇasi.

(Khuddakapāṭha-aṭṭhakathā)

May be venerable Yasa? or his father?

No!

Let’s move again to the Aṭṭhakathā to get a clue.

Kadā bhāsitaṃ?
When was it spoken?

Āyasmante yase saddhiṃ sahāyakehi arahattaṃ patte ekasaṭṭhiyā arahantesu bahujanahitāya loke dhammadesanaṃ karontesu.
After venerable Yasa with friends attained arahantship, While sixty one arahants preaching Dhamma for the well-fare of many people.

So what is the need for them to utter “Saranattaya”? They all are Arahants!

Still unclear!

Aṭṭhakathā, please help me again!

Kasmā bhāsitaṃ?
Why was it spoken?

Pabbajjatthañca upasampadatthañca.
For the purpose of ordination and high-ordination.

Oh, then it should have been spoken by the Arahants when they ordain people!

No!

Then by whom?

Ah, by the ordination-candidates!

Again, No!

Let’s get the support of Aṭṭhakathā again.

Idaṃ saraṇattayaṃ kena bhāsitaṃ?
By whom was this saraṇattaya spoken?

Bhagavatā bhāsitaṃ, na sāvakehi, na isīhi, na devatāhi.
Spoken by the Blessed One, not by desciples, not by rishis, not by gods.

How can this be happen? How can the Blessed One go forth himself?

No no!

Yathāha –

‘‘Evañca pana, bhikkhave, pabbājetabbo upasampādetabbo. Paṭhamaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādāpetvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ kārāpetvā bhikkhūnaṃ pāde vandāpetvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīdāpetvā añjaliṃ paggaṇhāpetvā ‘evaṃ vadehī’ti vattabbo ‘buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi, dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi, saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmī’’’ti
(Mahāvaggapāli).

Got it.

By the way, please don’t tell any one that I didn’t know this. :smiley:

Good householder,

actually Ven. Yasa’s father was the first in taking threefold refuge ( sangham*net/tipitaka/vin/mv/mv01/mv.01.07.khem )

esāhaṁ bhante bhagavantaṁ saraṇaṁ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhusaṅghañca “I go to the Blessed One for refuge, to the Dhamma, & to the Saṅgha of monks.
upāsakaṁ maṁ bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṁ saraṇaṁ gatanti. “May the Blessed One remember me as a lay follower who has gone for refuge from this day forward, for life.”
so ca loke paṭhamaṁ upāsako ahosi tevāciko. And so he was the first three-statement lay disciple in the world.
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Yet, he has not uttered it in the following way.

He has uttered it as follows,