I’ve often heard that for commentaries, jhânas are not necessary to achieve liberation and that access concentration might be enough if used correctly.
I have the impression that this implies that right concentration is not limited to jhanic concentration.
Yet in DN 22 (Maha Satipatthana Sutta), right concentration is explicitly defined as attaining the 4 jhânas.
This seems to contradict the assumption that right concentration is not limited to the jhânas.
“Monks, what is right concentration?
“Monks, secluded from sensuality, secluded from unwholesome phenomena, a monk attains and remains in the first Jhāna, which has thought, evaluation, and the rapture and happiness produced by seclusion.
“With the abatement of thought and evaluation, one attains and remains in the second Jhāna, which has internal serenity, mental focus, no thought, no evaluation, and has the rapture and happiness produced by concentration.
“With the fading of rapture, one attains and remains in the third Jhāna, and is equanimous, mindful, and completely aware, experiencing happiness through the body – what the noble ones call ‘one who is equanimous, mindful, and happy.’
“With the abandoning of pleasure and pain, and with the prior disappearance of elation and depression, one attains and remains in the fourth Jhāna, which is neither painful nor pleasant and has purity of mindfulness and equanimity.
“Monks, this is called ‘right concentration.’
Where did I go wrong?
Thank you in advance.
May all beings extinguish greed wherever greed can be extinguished.